Building Science Systems in Africa

Edited by:
Rebecca Hanlin, Aschalew Tigabu, Gussai Sheikheldin. 

Publishers: Nairobi: African Centre for Technology Studies (ACTS) Press; Dar es Salaam: Mkuki na Nyota Publishers @2021

ISBN 978-9966-08-198-3

Building Science Systems in Africa: Conceptual foundations and empirical considerations.

In recent years a significant amount of attention has been placed on the role of science, technology and innovation for Africa’s social and economic transformation. This book builds on the efforts made in this area and argues that more needs to be done to strengthen African Science Systems.… More

Skills for Innovation – AfricaLics Webinar Series

Skills for innovation: Highly skilled African migrants and the challenges of ‘brain drain’ – part of AfricaLics Webinar Series

Based on an upcoming book chapter, this webinar presented a comprehensive review of the challenges and opportunities resting on the role of highly skilled African migrants in African Science, Technology & Innovation (STI) systems. Two speakers, Dr. Gussai Sheikheldin and Dr. Agnes Lutomiah deliberated on this topic with a view to identifying lessons that innovation scholars can draw on to inform the future of I & D studies research in the continent.… More

Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) Policy Training for Africa

About this handbook

This is the first and basic training module on science, technology and innovation (STI) policy for Africa to be produced by the ACTS Consortium/STIPRO as part of the outputs for their work on theme III of the Science Granting Councils’ Initiative (SGCI). We therefore find it fruitful – by way of background information – to inform on three major issues, namely the understanding of the critical importance of innovation in Africa’s development by the Africa’s governments; why is policy important; and why this specific module on reconciling theory, practice and policies.… More

Engineering education, development and growth in Africa

Sheikheldin, Gussai and Nyichomba, Bavo. 2019. ‘Engineering education, development and growth in Africa.’ Scientific African, Vol. 6. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sciaf.2019.e00200

Abstract:
Africa is trying to overcome the challenge of having significant shortage of engineering skills. Yet, paradoxically, many engineering graduates find it difficult to land employment in engineering fields. Although it may sound confusing at first, that demand for engineers and unemployment of engineers happen simultaneously, a valid explanation is not only about the number of engineers in the job market, but the number of engineers with matching skills for the jobs awaiting them.… More

Social Enterprise Clusters: a good idea for technology diffusion?

A good size of research and a number of contemporary publications have been dedicated to industrial clusters.[1] Industrial clusters, in modern times, proved to be main hubs of technological innovation and critical transformations in society-technology dynamics. Whether in developing or ‘developed’ (or industrialized) societies, industrial clusters are recognized as pivotal sites of technological change that continue to influence societies at large.

Industrial clusters come in different shapes and sizes.… More

Microfranchising and Last Mile Distribution: Making Impact, but…

I first came to know about microfranchising in the context of developing societies through my work in Tanzania in 2013. The company I worked with, as a product development fellow, used what seemed to me at the time to be a very unique and effective way of delivering its products to the farthest rural communities while at the same time enhancing the local economic cycle by engaging local community members as business partners (instead of simply customers).… More

The problem of seasonality: rural economic cycles in Tanzania

The problem we can call seasonality is not hard to notice in Tanzania, and most actors in the field of national economic development are quite aware of it. Tanzania by no means is unique in this issue. It is described in 9 points here:

  1. Since the main rural economic activity in Tanzania is agriculture, it is not a surprise therefore that rural economic vitality depends heavily on a good agricultural economy (i.e.
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